744 Civilians Killed in January 2018
The Syrian Network for Human Rights (SNHR) recently published a report detailing the death tolls in Syria throughout January 2018, with 744 civilian deaths. Civilian victims in January include 177 children and 138 women, the majority of which were at the hands of Syrian Regime and Russian Forces.
Syrian Regime Forces were the largest perpetrator of civilian deaths this month, with a total of 408 civilians, including 76 children and 54 women throughout the month of January. The second largest portion of civilian casualties were at the hands of Russian Forces, with a total of 142 civilians, including 33 women and 40 children.
The Syrian-Russian Alliance was responsible for 72% of the total death tolls in this month. According to the SNHR, the Syrian-Russian alliance initiated attacks that directly targeting civilians and civilian facilities
The SNHR report sheds light on the different methods used by each party that caused civilian casualties. Methods range from gunfire, air attacks, and death due to torture inside detention centers, to chemical and cluster attacks, landmines, as well as victims who died of hypothermia, starvation, or due to medication shortage, or drowning as they were fleeing.
Ignoring escalation zones in Aleppo and Idlib governates, the Syrian-Russian alliance targeted these areas, despite previous months of decreased killing in these areas. Syrian-Russian alliance killed 223 in Idlib and 51 in Aleppo. Regime forces were found using barrel bombs in these areas, causing increased casualties in the area.
The de-escalation agreement of May 2017 is still in effect in the four established zones of the Idlib governate, nothern Homs, Eastern Ghouta and parts of Daraa and al Quneitra. In May 2017, Russia, USA and Jordan also announced a ceasefire agreement for southwestern Syria including the Daraa, Quneitra and Suwayda governates.
There was also an agreement signed for the northern suburbs of Homs and southern suburbs of Hama de-escalation agreement which was signed in Cairo on Monday, July 31, 2017 following a round of talks between armed opposition factions in the area and the Syrian regime represented by the Russian government a sponsoring party, as the agreement was to commence at Thursday, August 3, 2017.
Despite numerous sources claiming the conflict in Syria to be over, the civilian deaths and fighting in Syria continue to destroy the country and make it unsafe for Syrians to return in certain areas. It is the responsibility of the Security Council to take additional steps to stop indiscriminate bombings and killings in Syria. The SNHR calls for the Security Council to, "apply pressure on the states that support the Syrian regime forces such as Russia, Iran and Lebanon in order to stop the weaponry and expertise supply for regime forces."
The SNHR also calls for the Russian guarantor to stop the Syrian regime from dooming all de-escalation agreements and start making progress in the detainees" regarding the 76,000 people who have been forcibly disappeared at the hands of the Syrian Regime since March 2011.
-Government forces: 408
- Russian forces: 142
- ISIS: 66
- Armed opposition factions: 2
- International Coalition forces: 24
- Other Parties: 119
- Kurdish Forces: 13