24,746 Women and Girls Killed In Syria Since March 2011
Since the start of the Syrian civil war in March 2011, 24,746 females have been killed in Syria. The Syrian Network for Human Rights (SNHR) recently released a report documenting the women who have been killed in Syria, using firsthand accounts of the violations. Violations against women in Syria include deliberate aerial bombardments, forced disappearances, torture and sexual violence.
The SNHR report complied notable deaths and violations by parties involved in the conflict since its start in March 2011. According to the SNHR, deadly weapons has been the most commonly used in the civil war, particularly against females. The SNHR reports that the Syrian Regime often killed mothers, along with children, to send a message to opposition forces.
Sexual violence continues to be an increasing problem for women in Syria. The Syrian Regime, in particular, has been reported as using sexual violence as a method of warfare, according to the SNHR report. ISIS has been also reported as using sexual violence, enslaving women of religious and ethnic minorities, and putting women under restrictive regulations.
According to the report, an estimated 20,919 women and girls have been killed at the hands of the Syrian Regime, totaling 84% of the total female deaths since the start of the Syrian civil war. Most notable violations by the Syrian Regime include women dying of torture, poor medical care inside detention centers, and women being deliberately targeted in aerial bombings and airstrikes.
Russian forces and Armed Opposition Factions have also killed a high number of women since the start of the civil war in Syria, with Russian forces killing 988 females and Armed Opposition Factions killing 889 females. As Syrian Regime allies, the Russian forces have continued to deliberately target women in aerial bombardments and airstrikes. Armed opposition factions are reported as deliberately detaining women and abducting them from Syrian regime held areas.
“In many cases, the Syrian woman and the Syrian girl have been the subject of various types of violations. Many of these cumulative violations haven’t been remedied, nor met with their due consideration and care on the various political and social levels, or in the media and in the United Nations." says Fadel Abdul Ghany, chairman of the SNHR. Ghany adds that the CEDAW treaty should be put into effect, "to help the Syrian woman, and stand up to perpetrators of violations against women in light of the Security Council’s failure to do so.”
Other notable female death tolls include ISIS killing 647 females, International forces killing 611 females and Kurdish forces killing 556 females since March 2011. Both ISIS and Kurdish forces has been reported as carrying out abductions and arrests on women as well.
Females in Syria have continually been targets for arrests and enforces disappearances at a rate of no less than 8,289 females since the start of the civil war in March 2011. Syrian Regime forces targeted roughly 81% of the 8,289 women in this way. Armed Opposition forces have targeted roughly 10% of the 8,289 females, and ISIS have targeted nearly 5% up to this point.
In times of conflict, women are often used as a weapon of war, despite more than 45 articles in the Geneva Conventions and international humanitarian law protecting them. In Syria, however, the SNHR reports that no form of international protections have been considered for women.